EXPLAINER: What kept Iran protests going after first spark? - The linked Press - en Español

Protests have erupted across Iran in recent days after a 22-yr-ancient woman died while being held via the morality police for violating the nation's strictly enforced Islamic dress code.

The dying of Mahsa Amini, who had been picked up for her allegedly unfastened headscarf, or hijab, has caused daring shows of defiance, in the face of beatings and viable arrest.

Many Iranians, above all the younger, have come to look Amini's death as part of the Islamic Republic's heavy-exceeded policing of dissent and the morality police's increasingly violent treatment of younger ladies.

here's a look at what sparked the protests and where they may lead.

WHAT'S going on IN IRAN?

In road protests, some women tore off their mandatory headscarves, demonstratively twirling them in the air. video clips on-line showed two ladies throwing their hijabs into a bonfire. another lady is viewed removing her hair in a exhibit of protest.

At probably the most demonstrations, protesters clashed with police and thick clouds of tear gas were considered rising in the capital, Tehran. Protesters were additionally chased and overwhelmed with golf equipment with the aid of the motorcycle-riding Basij.

The Basij, volunteers in Iran's paramilitary modern preserve, have violently suppressed protests during the past, including over water rights and the country's cratering economic system.

Yet some demonstrators nevertheless chant "loss of life to the dictator," focused on both Supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and Iran's theocracy, despite the danger of arrest, imprisonment and even the chance of a dying sentence.


Iran's morality police arrested Amini on Sept. 13 in Tehran, where she become journeying from her hometown in the nation's western Kurdish vicinity. She collapsed at a police station and died three days later.

Police detained her over donning her hijab too loosely. Iran requires girls to put on the headband in a way that fully covers their hair when in public. handiest Afghanistan under Taliban rule now actively enforces a similar law. ultra-conservative Saudi Arabia has dialed again its enforcement over recent years.

The police deny Amini become mistreated and say she died of a heart attack. President Ebrahim Raisi, who will speak on the U.N. prevalent assembly on Wednesday, has promised an investigation.

Amini's household says she had no historical past of coronary heart drawback and that they have been prevented from seeing her physique earlier than she became buried. The demonstrations erupted after her funeral within the Kurdish metropolis of Saqez on Saturday, and right away unfold to other materials of the country, including Tehran.

HOW ARE women treated IN IRAN?

Iranian women have full access to training, work backyard the home and dangle public office. however they are required to dress modestly in public, which contains wearing the hijab in addition to long, unfastened-becoming robes. single men and ladies are barred from mingling.

The rules, which date back to the days after the 1979 Islamic Revolution, are enforced by way of the morality police. The drive, officially frequent because the counsel Patrol, is stationed across public areas. it's made of men as well as ladies.

Enforcement become eased below former President Hassan Rouhani, a relative average who at one element accused the morality police of being overly aggressive. In 2017, the top of the drive pointed out it will now not arrest women for violating the costume code.

but below Raisi, a hard-liner elected remaining year, brokers of the morality police seem to were unleashed. The U.N. human rights office says young girls were slapped within the face, beaten with batons and shoved into police vehicles in contemporary months.


Iranian leaders have vowed to examine the cases of Amini's death while accusing unnamed overseas international locations and exiled opposition organizations of seizing on it as a pretext to foment unrest. That's been a standard sample during protests in contemporary years.

Iran's ruling clerics view the united states as a risk to the Islamic Republic and consider the adoption of Western customs undermines society. Khamenei himself has seized on so-called "color" protests in Europe and somewhere else as international interventions — and not as individuals demonstrating for extra rights.

Tensions have been in particular excessive given that then-President Donald Trump withdrew from the 2015 nuclear cope with Iran and imposed crippling sanctions. The Biden administration has been working with European allies for the closing two years to revive the accord. The negotiations appear deadlocked, as nonproliferation specialists warn Iran has enough totally enriched uranium for a nuclear bomb if it chooses to build one. The Islamic Republic insists its application is peaceful.

The governor of Tehran said Wednesday that authorities arrested three overseas nationals at protests in the capital, without elaborating. Iranian security forces have arrested at least 25 individuals, and the governor of the Kurdistan province says three individuals were killed by armed businesses in unrest linked to the protests, without elaborating.

Activists and human rights companies have blamed Iranian safety forces for killing protesters in other demonstrations, like those over fuel costs in 2019.

might THE PROTESTS bring DOWN IRAN'S executive?

Iran's ruling clerics have weathered a few waves of protests going again many years, finally quashing them with brute force.

the most serious problem to the clerics' rule was the eco-friendly movement that emerged after the nation's disputed presidential election in 2009 and known as for far-reaching reforms; tens of millions of Iranians took to the streets.

Authorities responded with a brutal crackdown, with the revolutionary take care of and the Basij militia opening hearth on protesters and launching waves of arrests. Opposition leaders were positioned under condominium arrest.

among these killed become Neda Agha Soltan, a 27-12 months-old girl who became an icon of the protest stream after she became shot and bled to loss of life in a video considered by thousands and thousands on social media.


observe Joseph Krauss on Twitter at www.twitter.com/josephkrauss.

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